It’s been more than six months since the U.S.-Mexico border closed to all but essential travel to slow the spread of COVID-19. The disruption of lives and livelihoods has been widespread in El Paso and Ciudad Juárez .
Marco Antonio Corral, 60, has watched it all unfold from the middle of the Paso del Norte Bridge where just over the borderline on the Mexican side he peddles potato chips and cold water to drivers and passengers stuck in idling cars, calling out “Papitas! Agua!”
The father of five says his sales have been cut in half since the shutdown started in March. “It’s not right that Mexicans can’t cross. They should close it to everyone to be fair,” Corra said.
Some U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents continue to go back and forth across the border. Mexican authorities do not stop visitors and U.S. Customs and Border Protection cannot prevent Americans from returning home from Mexico.
On a recent afternoon, a line of cars and trucks waited to enter from Juárez. In El Paso, people gathered near the pedestrian entrance headed to Mexico. Marisol Marin crosses back and about three times a week to work in El Paso. She’s a U.S. citizen but lives in Juárez “It’s a little bit difficult, but I try my best,” she said.
The 30-year-old helps her parents and supports three children by working in El Paso. She brought her youngest child, 5-year old fidgety Camila, with her to work on this day.
“I clean houses over here. Yeah, that’s what I do. I clean houses.”
Work, medical treatment, and education are among the essential reasons for crossing the border After a hard day’s work, Marin is trying to figure out how to carry her grocery bags across the border with Camila in tow. Marin is not complaining. She knows plenty of Mexican citizens who can’t come to El Paso at all with the travel restrictions in place. “I feel sorry for them,” she said.
Just across the bridge on Avenida Juárez, a ragtag group of older musicians plays songs for tips. Alejandra Guerrero listens as she waits in her truck to return to El Paso. She’s in the line of cars that stretches down the bridge and past the toll booth into Mexico.
“The most I’ve had to wait is five hours,” Guerrero said. The 26-year-old mother of two crosses the border a couple times a month. “I come and visit my husband, yeah.” He’s waiting for a visa to join her in Texas.
U.S. Customs and Border Protection discourages U.S. citizens and legal permanent residents from visiting Mexico during the pandemic. Part of the strategy includes staffing fewer booths and closing bridge lanes at border crossings so people are forced to wait longer to get home.
“The goal is to reduce travelers from going back and forth, ideally reduce covid-19 or do our part to slow it down,” said U.S. Customs and Border Protection officer Adriana Carranza.
CBP conducted a survey of 100,000 people at ports of entry all along the Southwest border returning to the United States last month. “The vast majority of the travelers going back and forth to Mexico and back into the U.S. were actually going for non-essential reasons, visiting family, maybe shopping, maybe eating out, reasons not deemed essential,” Carranza said.
The historic Kentucky Club is not getting the usual crowd of customers from El Paso. The restaurant bar has COVID-19 protocols in place. A guard at the door takes customers’ temperatures before they can enter and offers a generous squirt of hand sanitizer as ranchera music blares. Inside, nearly all of those enjoying a late lunch are locals from Juárez.
El Pasoans and other U.S. citizens are still crossing to go to pharmacies, doctors and dentists in Juárez because medical care and prescription drugs cost much less in Mexico. Pedro Geronimo Perez sees this firsthand. He pushes a wheelchair with a handwritten “uber” sign on it and works for tips. He helps older people across the bridge. Many have appointments with doctors or dentists.
“As the operator of this wheelchair I have to practice good hygiene,” he said. Perez wears a mask and proudly shows off his big bottle of hand sanitizer. He said his wheelchair service is still in demand.
But on the El Paso side of the border, it’s a different story. Shopping is not an essential reason to cross the border and the shutdown has devastated retailers that depend on customers from Mexico.
“Somewhere in the neighborhood of $100 million in lost retail sales have likely occurred in El Paso alone during the past six months because of the non-essential border crossing restrictions,” said University of Texas economics Professor Tom Fullerton.
An expert on the Paso del Norte region’s border economy, Fullerton estimates between 8 to 14 percent of all retail sales in El Paso are to shoppers from northern Mexico. The region was already coping with a recession and weak peso.
“If the current longer wait time policy remains in effect through December, the merchant losses on this side of the border will be even greater,” he said.
Some of those Mexican shoppers are now looking for deals online since they can’t cross the border. “Of course, Alibaba and Amazon will celebrate the increased sales volumes that accrue to those conglomerates at the expense of Texas retail businesses in El Paso, McAllen, and San Marcos,” Fullerton said.
Sergio Gonzalez has seen business at his clothing store on South El Paso Street decline by 75 percent since the shutdown. His store is just a block from the international bridge and depends heavily on shoppers from Mexico. He has been forced to slash prices on already discounted merchandise “just to survive.”
Gonzalez’s message for U.S. and Mexican authorities: “Hurry and reopen the border” in time for the holiday season before businesses are forced to permanently close.
Cover photo: Vehicles wait to enter the United States at the Paso del Norte Bridge in Dowtown El Paso. (Angela Kocherga/El Paso Matters)