The number of people living in El Paso’s city limits declined by almost 200 people between the 2020 census and the middle of 2021, according to new Census Bureau estimates.

El Paso’s population was estimated at 678,415 as of July 1, 2021, down slightly from 678,587 in the 2020 census. That continues a trend of sluggish population growth, and periodic declines, in the city since 2012. That was the end of the Army’s expansion of Fort Bliss.

Many of the nation’s largest cities saw population declines after the census, according to the estimates.

El Paso was the nation’s 22nd most-populous city in 2021, up from 23rd in 2020. Nashville, Tennessee, was 21st, and Washington, D.C., 23rd.

Socorro showed the strongest growth among the smaller cities and towns around El Paso, increasing by almost 6% in a year. Horizon City’s population grew by 3%.

Robert Moore is the founder and CEO of El Paso Matters. He has been a journalist in the Texas Borderlands since 1986.